India … one of the fastest growing economy
India one of the oldest democracy and the third largest economy in the world ranked very low in the latest human development UN report. UN rated India 131 in the 188 countries surveyed. Neighboring countries like Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal were also rated low in this latest report by the UN. India like many other Asian countries has been in a developmental arrest for many decades due a combination of political, social and economic challenges.
India has made no improvement in its ranking over the previous year, despite the Human Development Report for 2015 noting that foreign direct investment favors countries such as China and India. India’s Human Development Index rank in 2014 was also 131.
Human Development Index (HDI):
The Human Development index is a measure of economic development and economic welfare. The Human Development Index examines three important criteria of economic development (life expectancy, education and income levels) and uses this to create an overall score between 0 and 1.
- Life Expectancy Index. Average life expectancy compared to a global expected life expectancy..
- Education Index
- mean years of schooling
- expected years of schooling
- Income Index (GNI at PPP)
On the perception of feeling safe 69 per cent answered “yes”, while on freedom of choice, 72 per cent female responders answered they were “satisfied” as compared to 78 per cent for male.
India’s score for overall life satisfaction was 4.3 on a scale of 1-10, according to the report.
Per the report top HDI countries are:
On perceptions about government, 69 per cent said they had trust in the national government for the 2014-15 period while 74 per cent said they had confidence in the judicial system.
It lauded measures like the National Rural Employment Guarantee Program taken in India to generate employment.
“Creating jobs through a public works program targeted at poor people can reduce poverty through income generation, build physical infra- structure and protect poor people against shocks. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Program in India and the Rural Employment Opportunities for Public Assets Program in Bangladesh are prime examples.”
The report noted that increasing clean energy investments in India by 1.5 per cent of GDP a year for 20 years will generate a net increase of about 10 million jobs annually in the country, after factoring in job losses from retrenchments in the fossil fuel industries.
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